How can you tell if someone you know is a pathological liar?

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I would have to say that you just have to be around them long enough. Check out what they say to you. Ask about what they said earlier. Eventually they will start tripping themselves up. They will eventually forget what they told to whom. Hope this helps you some.
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How can you tell if someone is a pathological liar?

Pathological liars - or "mythomaniacs" - are people who engage in objectively puposeless story telling behavior. The stories they tell are not the products of delusions and serve no external purpose other than to inflate the value of the teller in the eyes of the listener. The actual existence of mythomania separate from other diagnoses as a symptom set is a controversial topic in the mental health field. The symptom set for Mythomania is strictly limited: 1) The subject is not delusional and the stories they tell are at least technically plausible. If the subject is actually delusional, a diagnosis of a condition with psychotic features is more appropriate. 2) The tendency to construct such stories is non-transient, and long lasting. The story telling behavior is an actual personality trail. 3) The tendency is clearly non-situational and the subjects motives are objectively internal. The stories are not lies told from fear, or to cover a long pattern of misconduct (spousal abusers and confidence tricksters for instance are not mythomaniacs although they often construct elaborate webs of lies for years to cover their abuse or trick their victims. Such lies are situational and objectively external. The abuser is attempting to evade punishment). 4) The stories tend to present the teller in an extremely positive light, but otherwise provide no material benefit to the teller. The story may suggest that the teller is intensely brave, wealthy or may know many famous people, but the teller derives no benefit from fostering this belief, other than people believing the story. The term is often misused to refer to those suffering from histrionic personality disorder or narcissistic personality disorder. The following comments basically reflect a pathological liar who has the characteristics of histrionic personality disorder. Some Characteristics : . Exaggerates things that are ridiculous. . One-upping. Whatever you do, this person can do it better. You will never top them in their own mind, because they have a concerted need to be better than everyone else. This also applies to being right. If you try to confront an individual like this, no matter how lovingly and well-intentioned you might be - this will probably not be effective. It's threatening their fantasy of themselves, so they would rather argue with you and bring out the sharp knives than admit that there's anything wrong with them. . They "construct" a reality around themselves. They don't value the truth, especially if they don't see it as hurting anyone. If you call them on a lie and they are backed into a corner, they will act very defensively and say ugly things (most likely but depends on personality), but they may eventually start to act like, "Well, what's the difference? You're making a big deal out of nothing!" (again, to refocus the conversation to your wrongdoing instead of theirs). . Because these people don't value honesty, a lot of times they will not value loyalty. So watch what you tell them. They will not only tell others, but they will embellish to make you look worse. Their loyalty is fleeting, and because they are insecure people, they will find solace in confiding to whomever is in their favor at the moment. . They may be somewhat of a hypochondriac. This can come in especially useful when caught in a lie, for example, they can claim that they have been sick, or that there's some mysteriously "illness" that has them all stressed out. It's another excuse tool for their behavior. . Obviously, they will contradict what they say. This will become very clear over time. They usually aren't smart enough to keep track of so many lies (who would be?). Another Wiki s contributor adds: . They lie about even the smallest things. For example, saying "I brushed my teeth today," when they didn't. . They add exaggerations to every sentence. . They change their story all the time. . They act very defensively when you question their statements. . They believe what they say is true, when everyone else knows it isn't. An alternate 'checklist': . Lies when it is very easy to tell the truth. . Lies to get sympathy, to look better, to save their butt, etc. . Fools people at first but once they get to know him, no one believes anything they ever say. . May have a personality disorder. . Extremely manipulative. . Has been caught in lies repeatedly. . Never fesses up to the lies. . Is a legend in their own mind. More opinions and input from Wiki s contributors: . I have found a few differences in pathological liar and a "slime ball" liar. Pathological liars cannot tell that they are lying; they actually believe the lie as soon as it comes out of their mouth. They lie about unimportant things that don't really matter to anyone. This can be caused by mental defect but isn't always. Slime-ball liars lie about things that make them look better or embellish to get attention. They also lie to keep their butts out of trouble and to get what they want. . Here are things to ask yourself: How could this many things happen to one person? Would believe these stories if someone else told you? Think back to the beginning: you had red flags and alarms going off in you head. Learn to trust your instincts. . It is very hard to tell when one is a pathological liar. Some people just are liars and lie to lie because they can and they don't care about getting caught and aware that you know they have lied. These people care not about lying, it's no big deal. It's like "ok, so what? I lied". The pathological liar on the other hand, IS aware that they are lying BUT will go to extremes to make you believe that they are truthful. They appear to believe their own lies BUT in truth, they know their lies are just that, lies. But because their efforts are constantly backing up their lies, it appears to us that they actually believe their lies, when we eventually do find out about them and then we tend to feel sorry for these people. Then they have an excuse, "I am sick, I don't know why I lie, I believed what I was saying etc." The only truth was the fact that they don't know why they lie. Other than that it's crap. It is true that most of them have an extremely low sense of self worth and are continuously trying to make themselves feel better about THEMSELVES and this is one reason they lie. It is about them but the lies are not always set up with the purpose to hurt some one else; it's that these people feel so low about themselves they need to create ANYTHING different from the ugly reality they feel about themselves so they lie about even the most tiniest little thing. The people closest to them get sucked into these lies which sometimes start as something very trivial and then turn into something that can turn everyone involved worlds upside down and inside out. . Unmasking the pathological liar is an easier task when the pathological liar is no more than a casual acquaintence to the "un-masker." Close relationships provide camouflage for the pathological liar, and intimacy provides a heavily-fortressed breeding ground. . Other indicators: 1) Rage attacks after they realize you're questioning their lies. 2) Distraction techniques, e.g. hanging up the phone when you catch them in lie, playing word games, or even just running out of the room. After using the distraction technique, or rage attack, or sometimes both, they will pretend that nothing ever happened. They re-write history, so it never did happen in their minds. Normal people do it too, but these people take it to the extreme. . From "Go Ask Alice": Lies are unplanned and impulsive. Behavior is repeated over a long period of time. Lies don't seem to exist for any external reason. Behavior may not always be a conscious act. Lies are admitted, changed, and/or adapted if a false story is challenged. . From Andrea Broadbent "The Truth about Truman": To begin, the definition of pathological actually means abnormal or grossly atypical. Therefore, a pathological liar prevaricates more frequently than the average person or tells more abnormal lies. In most cases, pathological liars tell lies that are "unplanned and impulsive" (Hausman). These lies are usually very emotional stories that tend to serve no purpose except to impress people (Ford 133). As of now, psychiatrists are unsure whether or not pathological liars are fully capable of realizing if and when they are lying, so detecting whether or not a person is a pathological liar is a very difficult task (Hausman). By looking at the list of conditions commonly connected with people considered to be pathological liars, psychiatrists are better able to determine whether or not a person might actually have the disorder. Some main qualities linked with pathological liars include dysfunctional family origin, family lying patterns, anomalies of sexual life, frequent substance abuse, and a great capacity for language. . From Raymond Lloyd Richmond, Ph.D. "Psychological Honesty": Even a pathological liar carries deep in his heart a desire for goodness and honesty and yet, because of painful emotional wounds, believes that the world never has, and never will, recognize his pain. And so, to hide that pain from himself, he uses all the lies he can concoct to hurl at the world as he runs in fear from his own goodness. . For me, the first indication has been that I hear them tell different things to different people and they can't all be right, because they directly contradict each other! And I am able to prove it. If you can prove over and over again that things someone is telling you are outright false, then you have a pathological liar on your hands. . With the Internet, it is now easier than ever to "fact-check" even the most mundane things. I think pathological liars often lose track of all of the lies they tell different people and it will eventually catch up with them.

Are you a pathological liar if you tell a lot of lies for no reason?

Don't fall into the trap of trying to label yourself or someone else and treating mental health issues like physical disease. If you lie and that behavior is pathological (causes problems in your life or in the lives of those you care for) you need to address that issue. If someone has been taught by their family to lie from childhood on, it is very likely that they will grow up to be a "pathological liar" and a "compulsive liar" because they simply don't value truth and don't get the connecton between their lies and problems they create. A compulsive liar is probably also "pathological". It's hard to imagine a complusive liar that wouldn't cause problems for themselves or someone else. The distinction isn't clear and neither term has a clear, distinct diagnosis. If you suspect you are one, then you're most likely not. Compulsive, may be a more apt description for you. A 'pathological liar' tends to believe his or her lies; lies to make himself look better or superior, or to draw attention to himself. It's got a lot to do with self-esteem, I believe. Often narcissists are 'pathological liars.' A compulsive liar just feels 'compelled' to lie. Just like a compulsive eater, can't control their eating habits. It's still a disorder and can cause you no end of trouble. But therapy or even just a support group can help. If you recognize that your behavior is not normal, then you are already on the right track. I just ended an 8 yr relationship with someone who is a pathological liar . From the beginning , he had cheated on his wife, and of course it was all her fault. He had married her only because it was the thing to do at the time. This was the beginning of the lies, I was kept away from his family , because I was the one who he left his wife for. It was lies about why I could not see his children , or come over when he had the kids. Working late , all the time , or constantly working on the house, He never could complete a project without it taking forever, because he lied about actually doing it. I found out , when his fiancee called me, his girlfriend of 8 yrs and asked who I was. She had been with him a year and a half. No wonder he was always busy or working late, or he also said his daughter needed therapy, she was deeply disturbed, I can imagine. When he got caught that day, he asked me how we could do this to him. I honestly think he believed all the lies he had told both of us. His fiancee called me later that night and said she had dumped him. I told her she could have him, now i know why my friends, family and co workers all thought he was a liar. He did not want to get to know any of them. I believe she is still with him , because his lies are so convincing , I,m sure she will find out in the end , as I and his wife did , I feel sorry for her. But I know he is not going to change or get the help he needs, because he believes what he is saying is true. My brother lies about the silliest things-constantly. He usually does it so as to not hurt someones feelings. Even tho if he told the truth, he would save himself sooo much trouble. He really means well. So now that I have a friend that constantly lies to me about everything under the sun, I try to keep a little patience-Hoping she is the same as my brother. Trying to not hurt my feelings or embarrass herself. I now read between the lines of what anyone tells me. I expect everyone to be like him and to an extent-most people do lie-a lot, for no reason. It's just a part of their life. I try so hard not to lie seeing it all the time that I have been told that I am hurtfully truthful. I don't know which is better. . . to lie or not to lie. You wont be a pathological liar for that matter. But if you are talking about someone else, then yeah sure. People tend to lie a lot and little do they realize. But sometimes they DO realize and DO know that they are lying, you will hear them say "My lies don't harm anyone, really" or something to tht effect. While a liar's lies may not harm 'anyone' they do no good either, and it hurts to know the truth later on simply because it had been delayed for NO good reason in the victim's mind.

Do pathological liars ever admit they are liars?

Do Pathological Liars Admit They Lie? Chronic liars are most commonly found among those who have Antisocial Personality Disorder, although some liars also suffer from factitious conditions like Munchhausen's Disorder or Munchhausen's by Proxy and of course, there are disorders that by their nature promote lying -- such as substance abusers who have to lie to spouses or employers in order to support their habit. Narcissists are also fond of lying. The most serious of the chronic liars are the psychopaths, who form the most severe 10% (roughly) of those with Antisocial Personality Disorder and yes, they will happily acknowledge that they lie, in some circumstances. They will rarely acknowledge a lie if doing so might cause them discomfort -- for example, if they lie to police about not having committed some crime, they will generally not back down from this position and they will often not back away from a face-saving or grandiose lie. Those liars who are psychopaths or sociopaths are above all charming, glib and usually to some extent flirtatious. If admitting a lie or two is in the interest of holding your attention, they're happy to do so. Other than an accurate (and controversial) diagnosis of actual mythomania (fantastic story telling as a fixed, non-situational, objectively internal character trait), only delusions can cause an individual to tell a falsehood that they believe to be true. By definition, delusions are *fixed* false beliefs, that do not comport with any religious or cultural tradition, and they do not change when someone points out their falsity. They often don't even change with heavy medication. So if someone is telling you, "I didn't realize I just told a lie; I'm a pathological liar," excuse yourself politely, and go make a new friend. There is not going to be a happy ending. About Pathological liars knowing whether they lie or not, it's actually yes and no. He doesn't know that he has lied until AFTER he has lied (sometimes). He sometimes does not realise he has lied until someone has brought it to his attention. When he finally realises he has lied (on his own), he will NOT admit it, because there is no explanation and he feels somewhat embarrassed. When caught he will sometimes deny it simply because he does not want people to view him as a liar (from fear and shame). Finally, sometimes he will admit it in certain situations. It's not their conscious mind at work, but rather their self-centred, defensive, insecure, low self esteem subconscious. Pathological liars know themselves they are lying sometimes and feel the pain. Othertimes, they don't know ,so their relatives and friends get hurt. So, pathological liars do not always admit they are liars,especially when they are hurting others and protecting themselves. In fact, common liar also do not admit they are lying always. The difference between normal liars and pathological liars are the pain caused by and frequency of lying. Think of our own inner state when our liars are exposed. We will feel awkward but not panic. We would not be hurt so deep, but they will change their other normal mind into an abnormal state and do something that will really hurt other people's feelings. They do not admit they are liars, they go on play the role they thought they are telling the truth. When they are alone, they will think about their suffering and weep in a corner. They can feel the pain double of ours.

How do you know if a friend is a pathological liar?

Answer . \nyou know your friend is a pathological liar basicly if they always have a tendency to lie and if they lie their way to deep in the lie to tell the truth.\nor if they constantly lie to cover up another lie and so on.

Can pathological liars be cured?

To me, the word "cure" implies an illness that can be treated, and so we could call it "cured." I don't know what the shrinks would say, but in my experience, this is primarily a character issue. People who lie even when there's no reason to, when there is nothing to protect or gain, are just flat deficient in character. They lie because they are liars, and choose to be. The psychologists desk reference, or whatever they currently call the list of actual mental disorders, keeps growing. Eventually the sum total of human behavior will be a form of mental illness at this rate. Chronic liars, in my experience, are also manipulators, so I guess there is a root reason for their lying. Whatever the cause of it is, and whatever the shrinks might say about it, in my experience this behavior is usually a lifetime thing. Answer Compulsive liars do have a problem and it usually stems from low self esteem. They feel they are not up to par with their peers so often lie or embellish on events in their lives to make themselves look more important. I agree with the other poster on much of what they said and this is certainly something for the psychology books. I believe if the person knows they are a compulsive liar (many seldom can admit this to themselves) and they work with a good psychologist there is a possibility of learning not to lie. We all tell "little white lies" at different times in our lives, but most of us don't lie to hurt others. If the compulsive liar does not seek treatment or doesn't want it, then it's best to move on because you'll only get hurt. Trust is a large issue in relationships whether it's loyalty to family, friends or relationships with a partner. Marcy sometimes compulsive liars do have low self esteem proublems but that is not always the case. sometimes compulsive liars lie because of a tramatic event that has occured in their past such as childhood abuse. if a person does realise that they are a compulsive liar it is good to fin help as soon as possibe because they will have a better chance of overcomming the disease. when someone is a compulsive liar they do NOT lie by choice. it can be caused by a defect when the child is developing in the mothers womb. they can develop up to 20% to much white brain matter witch can cause some mental illnesses such as compulsive lieing. but don't confuse compalsive lieing with pathological lieing. they are verry different and treated in several different ways. basicly, a pathological liar or compalsive liar doesent lie by choice, its not something they can control. although on rare occations it has been proven to form out of habit that starts at a very young often because the child was not taught the consiquences of lieing or a parent displaied theese type of behaviors.

How can you tell if your boyfriend is a pathological liar?

Answer . \nIf you have to ask you already know do yourself a favor and move on trust is a must

How can you tell whether your boyfriend is a Slime ball liar or a pathological liar?

whats the difference.? once they give you two lies. dump him .don't let him get to 3. I was with a pathological liar and a scum bag. they never stop lying . I wasted my life for 6 years.

What is the difference between a pathological liar and a liar?

Answer . \nAlmost everyone lies occasionally. Usually for a reason: too keep from hurting someone's feeling, to stay out of trouble, to keep from being embarassed or the like. Most people only lie when they feel they neeed to, and usually feel some sort of guilt or regret about it.\n. \nPathological liars lie for any, or no particular, reason. They invent untrue stories about themselves when there is no need to do so. They answer questions with any story that pops to mind. They may tell so many stories that they even begin to believe their own lies. They lie as a way of life, rather than as a last resort.. Answer . A liar is someone who chooses for one reason or another not to tell the truth. A pathological liar has been diagnosed with a psychological disorder marked by an inability to tell the truth even when he wants to. There are many other symptoms and etiologies; you can search the term on Google and find useful information.

If Narcissists are pathological liars do they know they are lying or is it the disease?

answer . I think that both is true. I believe they know they are lying, they just deny it to themselves. To do so helps them to keep up the manipulation of their partner and also the fantasy world they create for themselves.The denial suppresses their conscience and eventually snuffs it out altogether

What do you do when you know your husband cheated on you and he is a pathological liar?

Answer . From your statement this sounds as if he's been lying for a long while. Pathological liars obviously have a problem and you aren't going to change them anytime soon. Because you are married you do owe your marriage to him a chance, so sit down with him and tell him he has a problem and unless he is willing to seek counseling or go to a marriage counselor it's over! You don't want to waste your life on someone that is constantly lying to you because it can not only get you into problems as far him possibly seeing other women, but also financial trouble.

Is it because you have bipolar disorder that your fiancee doesn't believe you when you tell him that you think he is pathological liar?

I don't think it matters whether he believes you or not, nor does it matter if he believes you. The fact is that you are battling a very debilitating condition in bipolar disorder, and really the last thing you need around you is someone YOU BELIEVE is a pathological liar. Truth to you is how you perceive it, and you might have good reason for believing he is lying about something, or a lot of things. Did you ever hear the expression that just because you are paranoid doesn't mean they aren't out to get you? It means that if you believe he is doing something around you that he needs to lie about, repeatedly and methodically, it's time for either a new guy, or no guy at all while you get your disease under control. THere are lots of nice guys who don't lie out there. You need one of those, but not until you are well again, or at least have it under control.

What are the best way of telling someone that he is a pathological liar and he can really believe it and go for help?

This isn't easy and the person may know and just be taking advantage of you?Traditionally sit down and talk to them about it.I think perhaps if you kept a diary of their lies and showed it to them.However they may not be a pathological liar especially if your the only one he's lying too?If your completley positive that they're suffering from this condition you can phone their dr and discuss your concerns. The dr can't discuss his medical information with you but he can listen to your concerns and make him an appointment raise the issue with him and refer him to a psychiatrist. x

How do you expose a pathological liar?

How can you expose someone who presents themselves as an angel, yet has a very dark, murky interior that very few would ever see. Who presents a faultless image of themselves, in their obsessive desire to win over people and gather friends like trophies. This person has been bad-mouthing a friend of mine to people in a regional community in Victoria Australia for the last nine years. It is about ostracizing my friend from the community. Every time he starts to become friendly with people in the community a new wave of bad mouthing begins. He has been convicted by a community that hasn't even given him the right of reply. He has been convicted without been given the base rights that even harden criminals get through our legal system. This is not all my friend has to put up with, theirs the constant lying, manipulating and seeming lack of empathy. Please, can anybody offer some respite from this horrible ordeal. You need to check out stalking sites and look under gang mobbing and bullying read all that you can and let people be aware that this person is doing just this thing. Alot of times people do not even realize that is what this person wants this other person to be miserable and forced to move. I had this happen to me. awareness open eyes that may be unintentally closed.

How do you deal with pathological liars?

On a personal level - avoid their company. If avoiding them does not work then exposing them each time they lie to you will often upset them and they will soon go away...

How do you live with a pathological liar?

Be careful and do some background research on this person because people who lie are hiding something from you and you need to know what it is they are trying to hide. Lying could be a potential symptom of a serious problem...this could be anything from drug use, eating disorders or many other forms of addictions or detrimental behaviors. The person lying is protecting themselves from the consequences of the actions they are lying about. Do yourself a huge favor and find out.

You're 19 and you want to let someone know that your parents are abusive alcoholics and really good liars who can you tell they are abusing your siblings?

These are in the order of people I would tell: . The Police . NSPCC . Childline . Someone older who you can trust; maybe a favourite teacher or group leader

Who are pathological liars?

Pathological liars lies on a regular basis and is unable to control their lying despite of foreseeing inevitable negative consequences or ultimate disclosure of the lie. .

How can you tell if you're a pathological liar?

Pathological liar is hard to noticed, it often exaggerate issues. Person may not be lying deliberately. He or she would think and believe in their lies completely. Their daily life often includes such far fetched sentences about many things. Pathological liar often lie in situations whenever they find it easy to do so.

What makes someone turn into a pathological liar?

Answer . It would be in there bodd they have been lieing there hole life its a disease

Will someone who is a pathological liar lie to everyone and do they ever stop lying?

Someone who is a pathological liar will like to everyone. They willnot stop lying without extensive forms of therapy.

How you tell if someone is a pathological liar?

The best way to tell if someone is a pathological liar, is to catchthem in their lies. If you cant determine that they are a liar,it's best not to trust them until they prove otherwise, to keepyourself from getting hurt.

How can you tell if someone is a complusive liar?

You can tell when someone is a complusive liar when that person always changes up stories about something that happend to her/him and also when they tend to exagerate

How can you tell someone is a pathological liar?

You can tell that someone is a pathological liar if you catch themin lies often. If you consistently think that someone is lying,this could mean they are a pathological liar.

When do pathological liars tell the truth?

Pathological liars are those who tell lies at every givenopportunity and it is a way of life for them. As such, pathologicalliars never tell the truth because they are incapable of doing so.

How do you tell if you are a pathological liar?

The definition of a pathological liar is a person who is compelled to lie and deceive regardless of the benefits or costs to that person for doing so. For instance, a pathological liar may lie and say he only has a pencil when he also has several ink pens that he could loan to another person. There is no gain in lying this way - the liar has no benefit from the deception - and there is the potential for significant social harm - the person being lied to may feel rejected or distrusted, causing him/her to socially isolate the liar. However, a person is not considered a pathological liar in several situations. First, a person may lie continuously and thoroughly to protect himself or someone else; an example of this would be denying a child from an adulterous relationship for years. Second, a person may lie routinely in social functions, such as by responding "I'm doing good" in response to typical social greetings even though the person may be facing a diagnosis of cancer and be worried about having his house foreclosed upon. This is an accepted statement in normal small-talk and light social conversation in the United States, and some people don't regard this as lying at all. Third, a person may verbally state a lie, but give sufficient non-verbal communication to reasonably inform another person that the words are not true. An example of this would be someone stating "I love having to work 12 hours on Sunday" while at the same time using a low, growling tone of voice and narrowing the eyes and drawing the eyebrows down. This would be more likely seen as irony or sarcasm rather than lying. . It is a condition that usually starts in childhood. Children often tell lies to avoid getting into trouble and as they get older, they begin to tell other lies .In HS, it begins to get worse as they cut classes and when caught by the parents and question the teenager about their supposed cutting of classes, will blame the school, saying it was a mistake. They may run up a large bill or credit card bill as an example, have the bill sent to a friend to avoid their boyfriend or spouse from finding out. It soon becomes a circle of lies to the point, they will deny any situation when caught lying about it. For the most part, they don't even realize when they are telling lies because they have been telling lies since childhood. It's very complicated and best answered by a Psychiatrist or Mental Health Advisor who work with Pathological liars. It is a sad situation as it drives a hole between the child or young adult and their parents or siblings,

How can I tell my brother that I think his wife and daughter are pathological liars?

There is no way to say something like that without alienating your brother! The best you can hope for is to let your brother see the difference between what they have said and what is the truth, and hope he "gets it." For example, if they told you they wrecked the car when someone pulled out in front of them, but told your brother they were parked and someone hit the car, you could get your brother alone and say something non-inflammatory like "I'm a little confused - did the car get wrecked by someone pulling out in front of them, or someone backing into them?" Don't try to turn him against them, because all that ever does is make your loved ones angry at you!

How can you tell your brother that you think his wife and daughter are pathological liars?

You can't. Eventually they'll catch themselves out and then you have to be there for him.

How do you get a pathological liar to tell the truth?

my belief is that you simply can't ... you can tell when he's lying with body language. Answers.com says to Try a truth serum: (based on: truth drug?cat=health" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/truth drug?cat=health ) Drugs used as truth serums. Two of the most commonly used truth serums are members of the barbiturate" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/barbiturate drug class. Barbiturates are sedatives and hypnotics that are created from barbituric acid. They are divided into classes according to the duration of sedation" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/sedation: ultrashort, short, intermediate, and long. Ultrashort-acting barbiturates are used as anesthetics whereas long-acting ones are used to treat convulsions (anticonvulsant)" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/anticonvulsant). Barbiturates are controlled substances due to their high potential for abuse and for addictive behavior. Sodium pentothal (pentothal sodium, thiopental, thiopentone) is an ultrashort-acting barbiturate, meaning that sedation only lasts for a few minutes. Sodium pentothal slows down the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, and slows down (depresses) the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) activity. Sedation occurs in less than one minute after injection. It is used as a general anaesthetic" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/general anaesthetic for procedures of short duration, for induction of anesthesia" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/anesthesia given before other anesthetic drugs, as a supplement to regional anesthesia (such as a spinal block), as an anticonvulsive, and for narcoanalysis. Sodium amytal (amobarbital" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/amobarbital, amylobarbitone, Amytal) is an intermediate-acting barbiturate. Sedation occurs in one hour or longer and lasts for 10 to 12 hours. Sodium amytal depresses the central nervous system. It is used as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsive and for narcoanalysis. When sodium amytal is used for narcoanalysis it may be called an "Amytal interview." Scopolamine (hyoscine) is an anticholinergic" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/anticholinergic alkaloid drug that is obtained from certain plants. Anticholinergic drugs block the impulses that pass through certain nerves. Scopolamine affects the autonomic nervous system and is used as a sedative, to prevent motion sickness, to treat eye lens muscle paralysis" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/paralysis (cycloplegic), and to dilate" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/dilate the pupil (mydriatic)" class='external' title="http://www.answers.com/topic/mydriatic). .

How do you handlea pathological liar and is there a cure?

Pathological lying is difficult to treat because the person usually does not care to change. One good way to handle them is to confront them with the truth in a calm and non-argumentative manner. Simply state the actual truth. You should stay away from "he said/she said" kind of statements, because those are opinions instead of truth. If the liar says he was in bed at 11pm, you can say "I saw you in the kitchen at 11pm drinking milk out of the carton."

How can you tell if someone is a pathologial liar?

Identifying a Pathological Liar . Pathological liars, or "mythomaniacs," may be suffering from histrionic personality disorder or narcissistic personality disorder. The following comments basically reflect a pathological liar who has the characteristics of histrionic personality disorder.. Some characteristics:. 1. Exaggerates things that are ridiculous.. 2. One-upping. Whatever you do, this person can do it better. You will never top them in their own mind, because they have a concerted need to be better than everyone else. This also applies to being right. If you try to confront an individual like this, no matter how lovingly and well-intentioned you might be - this will probably not be effective. It's threatening their fantasy of themselves, so they would rather argue with you and bring out the sharp knives than admit that there's anything wrong with them.. 3. They "construct" a reality around themselves. They don't value the truth, especially if they don't see it as hurting anyone. If you call them on a lie and they are backed into a corner, they will act very defensively and say ugly things (most likely but depends on personality), but they may eventually start to act like, "Well, what's the difference? You're making a big deal out of nothing!" (again, to refocus the conversation to your wrongdoing instead of theirs).. 4. Because these people don't value honesty, a lot of times they will not value loyalty. So watch what you tell them. They will not only tell others, but they will embellish to make you look worse. Their loyalty is fleeting, and because they are insecure people, they will find solace in confiding to whomever is in their favor at the moment.. 5. They may be somewhat of a hypochondriac. This can come in especially useful when caught in a lie, for example, they can claim that they have been sick, or that there's some mysteriously "illness" that has them all stressed out. It's another excuse tool for their behavior.. 6. Obviously, they will contradict what they say. This will become very clear over time. They usually aren't smart enough to keep track of so many lies (who would be?).. Here are some ways to tell someone is a pathological liar contributed by another WikiAnswers Contributor:. They lie about even the smallest things. For example, saying "I brushed my teeth today," when they didn't. . They add exaggerations to every sentence. . They change their story all the time. . They act very defensively when you question their statements. . They believe what they say is true, when everyone else knows it isn't. . Here's an alternate "checklist":. Lies when it is very easy to tell the truth. . Lies to get sympathy, to look beter, to save their butt, etc. . Fools people at first but once they get to know him, no one believes anything they ever say. . May have a personality disorder. . Extremely manipulative. . Has been caught in lies repeatedly. . Never fesses up to the lies. . Is a legend in their own mind. . Here are more opinions and other input from WikiAnswers Contributors:. I have found a few differences in pathological liar and a "slime ball" liar. Pathological liars cannot tell that they are lying they actually believe the lie as soon as it comes out of their mouth. They lie about unimportant things that don't really matter to anyone. This can be caused by mental defect but isn't always. Slime-ball liars lie about things that make them look better or embellish to get attention. They also lie to keep their butts out of trouble and to get what they want. . Here are things to ask yourself: How could this many things happen to one person? Would believe these stories if someone else told you? Think back to the beginning: you had red flags and alarms going off in you head. Learn to trust your instincts. . It is very hard to tell when one is a pathological liar. Some people just are liars and lie to lie because they can and they don't care about getting caught and aware that you know they have lied. These people care not about lying, it's no big deal. It's like "ok, so what? I lied". The pathological liar on the other hand, IS aware that they are lying BUT will go to extremes to make you believe that they are truthful. They appear to believe their own lies BUT in truth, they know their lies are just that, lies. But because their efforts are constantly backing up their lies, it appears to us that they actually believe their lies, when we eventually do find out about them and then we tend to feel sorry for these people. Then they have an excuse, "I am sick, I don't know why I lie, I believed what I was saying etc." The only truth was the fact that they don't know why they lie. Other than that it's crap. It is true that most of them have an extremely low sense of self worth and are continuously trying to make themselves feel better about THEMSELVES and this is one reason they lie. It is about them but the lies are not always set up with the purpose to hurt some one else; it's that these people feel so low about themselves they need to create ANYTHING different from the ugly reality they feel about themselves so they lie about even the most tiniest little thing. The people closest to them get sucked into these lies which sometimes start as something very trivial and then turn into something that can turn everyone involved worlds upside down and inside out. . Unmasking the pathological liar is an easier task when the pathological liar is no more than a casual acquaintence to the "un-masker." Close relationships provide camouflage for the pathological liar, and intimacy provides a heavily-fortressed breeding ground. . Other indicators: 1) Rage attacks after they realize you're questioning their lies. 2) Distraction techniques, e.g. hanging up the phone when you catch them in lie, playing word games, or even just running out of the room. After using the distraction technique, or rage attack, or sometimes both, they will pretend that nothing ever happened. They re-write history, so it never did happen in their minds. Normal people do it too, but these people take it to the extreme. . From "Go Ask Alice": Lies are unplanned and impulsive. Behavior is repeated over a long period of time. Lies don't seem to exist for any external reason. Behavior may not always be a conscious act. Lies are admitted, changed, and/or adapted if a false story is challenged. . From Andrea Broadbent "The Truth about Truman": To begin, the definition of pathological actually means abnormal or grossly atypical. Therefore, a pathological liar prevaricates more frequently than the average person or tells more abnormal lies. In most cases, pathological liars tell lies that are "unplanned and impulsive" (Hausman). These lies are usually very emotional stories that tend to serve no purpose except to impress people (Ford 133). As of now, psychiatrists are unsure whether or not pathological liars are fully capable of realizing if and when they are lying, so detecting whether or not a person is a pathological liar is a very difficult task (Hausman). By looking at the list of conditions commonly connected with people considered to be pathological liars, psychiatrists are better able to determine whether or not a person might actually have the disorder. Some main qualities linked with pathological liars include dysfunctional family origin, family lying patterns, anomalies of sexual life, frequent substance abuse, and a great capacity for language. . From Raymond Lloyd Richmond, Ph.D. "Psychological Honesty": Even a pathological liar carries deep in his heart a desire for goodness and honesty and yet, because of painful emotional wounds, believes that the world never has, and never will, recognize his pain. And so, to hide that pain from himself, he uses all the lies he can concoct to hurl at the world as he runs in fear from his own goodness.

Can a pathological liar quit lying?

That is a question which has been kicked around for eons. If a person is truly pathological they are unable to tell the difference between lies and truth. Most liars choose lies simply because they are easier than the truth. Changing a liar into a truthful person is impossible until you can make them understand that lying is more work, less profitable, and usually useless from the onset. Regrettably, I've yet to find a liar that could be reformed. One either is, or is not a truthful person. If one is, by habit a liar, it is unlikely they will ever change. Ditto for the truthful person. They don't see the up side of lying and never developed the technique of lying, so they aren't very good at it. . I think there are times when lying is less work, more profitable and useful . " The check is in the mail. Those pants don't make you look fat. It's company policy. That line of dresses runs small and so you need to go one size up.

Can you have a future with a pathological liar?

Answer . You really can't. There can be no trust in a relationship with a pathological liar and trust is an absolute foundation of any long-term relationship.

Why is someone a pathological liar?

Because they have lied so much that they have lost all conscientious pangs and are callus to doing wrong of this sort. So that above answer was completely conceited and wrong. I am a pathological liar. Therefore I am the best person to tell you about pathological liars. Right, pathological liars lie because they find it too uncomfortable to tell the truth, much like how an honest person finds it hard to lie. However, we lie about the most mundane thing sometimes. I even make up stories to win an argument. Also, most people will tell you that we lose track of our lies. For me that is not true, I have an excellent memory capacity and therefore can remember nearly every important lie I've told. Furthermore we have not lost all conscientous pangs and we are usually not callus. This person was obviously thinking of a sociopath which is completely different to a pathological liar. We don't lie to advance our own goals unlike sociopaths, we lie because it feels comfortable for us. An example was today in my class. I was asked if it was my birthday due to a prior conversation with a friend. I just said yes out of instinct (even though it wasn't). Now there is now harm done in that lie. I got sung happy birthday and nothing bad happened. We have spent so much lieing that it is second nature to us. I hope I have helped you understand.

How do you know if your a pathological liar?

Pathological liars say whatever it takes to get them what they want. They know that they are lying. Compulsive liars lie when it would be easier to tell the truth. They often believe their own statements. If your behavior matches either of the above descriptions, you have a problem. It's up to you to decide how big it is and what to do about it.

What causes someone to become a pathological liar?

Guilt and repercussions of what they have done! That is what makes someone a pathalogical liar.. People do not like hearing the truth, they do not like telling the truth when they do something wrong especially if it brings heartache or harm to another person.. When confronted with questions on why they did it or what made them do it. the confrontation alone forces them into a corner.. Truth and honesty does not seem to play a big part in society today in comparison to the past.. I have watched a young woman starve herself to feed a newborn child simply because the father abandoned her during the pregnancy leaving her with a bag full of his lies. When he was approached and asked to help he claimed shock and disbelief. The same young woman worked a full time job and raised the child on her own even though she was going hungry. Society showed her no compasion or sympathy, only the expectation that she was forced to care for a child noone else seemed to want or care about. My family welcomed the young woman into our fold and have watched her grow and heal while raising her child. They now have happiness, some out there are not so lucky. I would dearly like the world to change and bring back the compassion, and put the heart into caring about other people regardless of the situation. Young men need to be forced to accept responsibility it is not something that should be pushed aside. . Its the abandoned children that will surprise the world someday. Look out all you fathers who abandon your children, leave broken hearts and broken lives behind you. It is you who will be refused compassion, sympathy, care and a heart specifically at the moment when you need it the most.

How can you prove that someone is a pathological liar?

Keep a private journal with date & time and what they say.. But if they are pathological they won't believe you - you will have to get away from them ASAP - there is no cure.

Someone you know tells everyone he has karate black belts Is he delusional or just a liar?

He may actually have one, but keep in mind that a 1st degree black belt can be earned in as little as 2 years. It's something to be proud of, but not boastful of. Even with a black belt, he's still very much a beginner, and if he doesn't spar regularly, he won't have reactions better than anyone else in a normal fight. I have a black belt in two styles, and several other ranks close to black belt in other styles and I still consider myself a beginner. Though, one must also admit, saying you have a black belt can have a psychological effect on the opponent.

How do you stop a pathological parental from lying and then turns around and calls his 9 year old daughter a liar instead when you know the parent is the liar.?

You can't help a pathological patient like that. You simply just can't up and do it. This needs to be handled by doctors,professionals. Not someone such as yourself. Ask for help,some sort-of profession help (ex. phsycologist.) And if it's nessacary,and no one can get to him,he will be given medication. Simple as that.

How can you tell if someone is a liar?

It depends, you have to know the person really good or you either just know the truth. lol :) I laugh when I lie. I try not to but its hard... lol

What can you do for a pathological liar?

Take everything that they say with a grain of salt.(Don't believe anything they say) To get them help, you can call your local mental health clinic and they should be able to evaluate them and get them treated. The question is: What can you do for the VICTIMS of pathological liars? since there is NOTHING you can do for the pathological liar. In fact, the more you try to help them, the more they use THAT information to become better liars. PLEASE keep an eye on them and who they're conning. They can be VERY destructive. They can ruin peoples' lives, and if allowed to impregnate someone, or become impregnated BY someone, may VERY WELL produce another offspring who will leave more distruction in their path for the next generation and the next generation ad infinitium.............Do not allow them to reproduce at all costs.

What the definition of a pathological liar?

While virtually everyone may tell a lie at times, for various practical reasons, a pathological liar is a mentally ill person who feels compelled to lie even when the lies do not serve any useful purpose. Such people also may base their entire strategy of survival upon an endless series of lies. Pathological liars typically appear to be very sincere when they are lying, and may be very deceptive. They feel no embarrassment about what they do.

How can you tell when a pathological liar is telling the truth?

The truth is in the details . When he (or she) includes numerous unrelated, small details that don't add any extra "luster" or "sparkle" to the story you're being told (remember, his story is being told to get something from you), chances are there's a shred of truth in them [in that portion of the story at least]. From there, the truth gets fuzzy as small details are abandoned to make room for the real drama; so masterfully told, as he sets the trap and you fall for it, taking the bait - hook, line and sinker.

How do you confront a pathological liar and put them check that you know who they are?

You don't - they won't get it. Get as far away from them as possible.

Do pathological liars have violent tendencies?

Yes they do. When they feel cornered in they lie they feel the urge to wanna strike out to defend they lie to cover up the truth. WHy? Is still unknown. I just know they are very agressive.

Do pathological liars know that they are lying?

Yes, pathological liers do know that they are lieing, although sometimes the lie does get to the extreme and to the point where they can begin to believe thier lie. But most of the time they do know that they are lieing.

How do you talk to a pathological liar?

You talk to them like they are normal, just don't believe anything they tell you.

Does a pathological liar lie to himself?

Yes. Due to the malformation of the brain & brain chemistry in pathological people - they believe their own lies, even if it changes 5 minutes later.

How can a pathological liar be helped?

Sounds a little odd, but works. 1. Look down at your nose for 3 complete seconds. 2. Stare at your wall for 30 minutes. Make sure that is the only think your focusing on and your not thinking about anything else. This helps relax you and remove all anger out of your body system. 3. Do this at least twice a day. When you wake up and before going to sleep. 4. Every time your about to say a lie, bite your tongue, and stop yourself. 5. If none of this works I suggest talking to a physiologist. The first 2 steps will gradually work. You have to give time and patience. Over time you will see improvement in your pathological lies.

How do you know if your boyfriend is a pathological liar?

Trust your gut and be honest with yourself. If you think he's a liar, he probably is or at the very least isn't the right guy for you.

How do you tell if your husband is a pathological liar or just a liar?

Technically a pathological liar is a liar period. You can tell if your husband is a liar by how he communicates - does he try and play the victim all the time? Is he evasive when answering your questions? Does he lay the blame on your to try and wiggle out of situations?