What is negative schizophrenia?
People with Type II, or negative schizophrenia, are usually described as poorly adjusted before their schizophrenia slowly overtakes them. They have predominantly "negative" symptoms, such as withdrawal from others and psychomotor retardation.
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There are two types of symptoms of schizophrenia: positive symptomsand negative symptoms: . Positive symptoms are things that people with schizophrenia door experience that other people do not. . Negative symptoms are things that people with schizophrenia donot do or experience that other people… do. Positive symptoms . Delusions are beliefs that are not true, such as feelingpeople are following or trying to hurt them, believing other peoplecan read their minds, or beliefs that they have special powers orabilities. . Hallucinations are things that someone senses that arenot real. The most common type of hallucination is hearing voicesthat are not there, but people with schizophrenia may also see,smell, taste, and feel things that are not there. . Many people with schizophrenia have bizarre behavior ,which is behavior that is strange or odd looking to otherpeople. . Disorganized speech is when someone speaks in ways thatare hard to understand. For instance, sentences might not makesense, or topic of conversation changes with little or noconnection between sentences. Sometimes the speech of someone withschizophrenia is completely incomprehensible. Negative symptoms . Lack of motivation and interest , especially inactivities that he/she once found enjoyable . Not being able to think as clearly . Flat affect or decreased emotions and emotionalexpression . Social withdrawal . Not taking care of him or herself (MORE)
Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder or group of disorders thataffects the normal functioning of the brain and severely impairsthinking, emotion, and behavior. Doctors do not know the specificcause of schizophrenia, but both environmental and genetic factorsdo play a role. The symptoms of schizophr…enia are delusions(strongly held false beliefs), hallucinations (false perceptions),flat affect (not showing emotion), and disorganized speech,thinking, and behavior. About 1% of the population worldwide has schizophrenia, even thoughschizophrenia is one of the top ten causes of disability worldwide. Schizophrenia is not the same as multiple personality disorder or"split personality." The confusion arises in part due to themeaning of Bleuler's term schizophrenia (literally "split"or "shattered mind"). The "voices" that people with schizophreniahear may have distinct personalities, but schizophrenia does notinvolve a person changing among distinct multiple personalities. (MORE)
As of now, we know no cure for schizophrenia, though it can be treated and controlled through anti-psychotics.
Schizophrenia was originally discovered by Emil Kraepelin in the late nineteenth century and was named dementia preacox because it was discovered as a form of dementia that occurred in mostly young people. Eugen Bleurer later renamed is schizophrenia, "fragmented mind", when discovering that its sym…ptoms were long lasting but could be cured naturally over time, unlike the manic depressive illness and dementia that up until that point they were comparing it to. (MORE)
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it hard to: . Tell the difference between what is real and not real . Think clearly . Have normal emotional responses . Act normally in social situations Causes, incidence, and risk factors Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health exper…ts are not sure what causes it. However, genes may play a role. . Certain events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are at risk for it because of their genes. . You are more likely to develop schizophrenia if you have a family member with the disease. Schizophrenia affects both men and women equally. It usually begins in the teen years or young adulthood, but it may begin later in life. It tends to begin later in women, and is more mild. Childhood-onset schizophrenia begins after age 5. Childhood schizophrenia is rare and can be hard to tell apart from other developmental problems in childhood, such as autism.. Symptoms Schizophrenia symptoms usually develop slowly over months or years. Sometimes you may have many symptoms, and at other times you may only have a few symptoms. People with any type of schizophrenia may have trouble keeping friends and working. They may also have problems with anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors. At first, you may have the following symptoms: . Irritable or tense feeling . Trouble concentrating . Trouble sleeping As the illness continues, you may have problems with thinking, emotions, and behavior, including: . Bizarre behaviors . Hearing or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations) . Isolation . Lack of emotion (flat affect) . Problems paying attention . Strongly held beliefs that are not real (delusions) . Thoughts that "jump" between different topics ("loose associations") Symptoms depend on the type of schizophrenia you have. Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms may include: . Anxiety . Anger or arguing . False beliefs that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms may include: . Childlike behavior . Problems thinking and explaining your ideas clearly . Showing little emotion Catatonic schizophrenia symptoms may include: . Grimacing or other odd expressions on the face . Lack of activity . Rigid muscles and posture . Not responding much to other people Undifferentiated schizophrenia may include symptoms of more than one other type of schizophrenia.. Signs and tests There are no medical tests to diagnose schizophrenia. A psychiatrist should examine you to make the diagnosis. The diagnosis is made based on an interview of you and your family members. The health care provider will ask questions about: . How long the symptoms have lasted . How the ability to function has changed . Developmental background . Genetic and family history . How well medications have worked Brain scans (such as CT or MRI) and blood tests may help rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms.. Treatment During an episode of schizophrenia, you may need to stay in the hospital for safety reasons. MEDICATIONS Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain and can help control symptoms. These medications are usually helpful, but they can cause side effects. Many side effects can be managed, and they should not prevent you from seeking treatment for this serious condition. Common side effects from antipsychotics may include: . Dizziness . Feelings of restlessness or "jitters" . Sleepiness (sedation) . Slowed movements . Tremor . Weight gain Long-term use of antipsychotic medications may increase your risk for a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia. This condition causes repeated movements that you cannot control, especially around the mouth. Call your health care provider right away if you think you may have this condition. When schizophrenia does not improve with several antipsychotics, the medication clozapine can be helpful. Clozapine is the most effective medication for reducing schizophrenia symptoms, but it also tends to cause more side effects than other antipsychotics. Schizophrenia is a life-long illness. Most people with this condition need to stay on antipsychotic medication for life. SUPPORT PROGRAMS AND THERAPIES Supportive therapy may be helpful for many people with schizophrenia. Behavioral techniques, such as social skills training, can be used to improve social and work functioning. Job training and relationship-building classes are important. Family members of a person with schizophrenia should be educated about the disease and offered support. Programs that offer outreach and community support services can help people who lack family and social support. Family members and caregivers are often encouraged to help people with schizophrenia stay with their treatment. It is important that the person with schizophrenia learns how to: . Take medications correctly and manage side effects . Notice the early signs of a relapse and what to do if symptoms return . Cope with symptoms that occur even while taking medication (a therapist can help) . Manage money . Use public transportation . Expectations (prognosis) The outlook with schizophrenia is hard to predict. Most of the time, symptoms improve with medication. However, some people may have trouble functioning and are at risk for repeated episodes, especially during the early stages of the illness. People with schizophrenia may need housing, job training, and other community support programs. People with the most severe forms of this disorder may not be able to live alone. They may need to live in group homes or other long-term, structured residences. Symptoms will return if you do not take your medication.. Complications Having schizophrenia increases your risk for: . Developing a problem with alcohol or drugs: This is called a substance abuse problem. Using alcohol or other drugs increases the chances your symptoms will return. . Physical illness: People with schizophrenia may become physically sick, because of an inactive lifestyle and side effects from medication. A physical illness may not be detected because of poor access to medical care and difficulties talking to health care providers. . Suicide . Calling your health care provider Call your health care provider if: . Voices are telling you to hurt yourself or others. . You feel the urge to hurt yourself or others. . You are feeling hopeless or overwhelmed. . You are seeing things that aren't really there. . You feel you cannot leave the house. . You are unable to care for yourself. . Prevention There is no known way to prevent schizophrenia. You can prevent symptoms by taking your medication exactly as your doctor told you to. Symptoms will return if you stop taking your medication. Always talk to your doctor if you are thinking about changing or stopping your medications. See your doctor or therapist regularly.. (MORE)
Flat affect (sounding relatively emotionless) . Poverty of speech (not speaking much) . Insomnia (sleeplessness) . Depression (lack of energy, lack of interests) . Inability to perform tasks . Inability to interact normally with others . Inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia) . Social w…ithdrawal (asociality) . Lack of motivation (avolition) (MORE)
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it hard to: . Tell the difference between what is real and not real . Think clearly . Have normal emotional responses . Act normally in social situations
Schizophrenia can come about through a number of things. There is strong evidence to support that it can be genetically passed on through generations. However it is also possible for it to be induced as a result of damage to the brain through injury or by substance (e.g. drugs or alcohol).
Unlike the previous contributor who thought schizophrenia gave a split personality, it is not. Schizophrenia is where you have delusions, hallucinations, disordered speech and a lack of insight into your condition. For example, you may have visual and auditory hallucinations of the ghost of yo…ur dead father telling you to go and kill yourself. Commonly, people "hear voices". These appear so real to you you are convinced they are real and are amazed noone else cannot see your hallucinations. Delusions can be of grandeur that are inappropriate, for example "I woke up and saw that there was a black bird outside. I knew I was sent by God on a mission then". It is a serious condition that affects 3-4 in every 1000 people and every one of us carries a lifetime risk of 2% of acquiring the disease. It is a serious condition because people can become socially dysfunctional and possibly cause harm to other people or to themselves. Treatment is with antipsychotics that act on dopamine and serotonin receptors within the brain, for example risperidone and amisulpride. (MORE)
There is still some disagreement about the degree that heredity plays in the development of schizophrenia, but there is no question that at least a predisposition to the disorder can be inherited.
The first signs are the behavioral changes in the person. All of a sudden they start acting different, they stop hanging out with friends and family, they want to be left alone, the loose interest in everything and sometimes they hear voices inside their heads telling them to do things or distractin…g them from focussing on their regular activities. (MORE)
The overall prevalence of schizophrenia in the general American population is less than 2%. It strikes both men and women and tends to run in families. It is diagnosed more in African Americans, but that is likely due to psychologist bias than it being a real trend.
Schizophrenia is currently treated with . Antipsychotic medication . Illness Management Skills . Treatment for Co-occurring Substance Abuse, Rehabilitation . Family Education . Psychotherapy, especially Cognitive Behavioral Therapy . and Self-Help Groups. Medication is widely considered to… be the best treatment for schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications such as Risperdal, Zyprexa and Seroquel are considered to be the most effective. (MORE)
People are not born schizophrenic, although they are almost certainly born with the genetic makeup to become that way. Schizophrenia usually develops in young adulthood.
There are cures for mental sickness yet psychiatrists and psychologists don't actually know how to cure schizophrenia. They say they can only control it.
Nearly all cases of schizophrenia are in people of age thirteen or older, and most are 16 or older for the first psychotic episode. However, cases of schizophrenia have been reported in people as young as 6.
If you have reason to believe that you - or a loved one - has schizophrenia, the first thing you need to do is get to a professional (either a psychiatrist or licensed psychotherapist) for an evaluation. They will ask you some questions just to determine basics, then more questions to evaluate ex…actly what mental health diagnosis, if any, you have. There are different types of schizophrenia, and there are other diagnoses that have similar symptoms but are not schizophrenia. A psychiatrist might also send you for a blood test. This will rule out any biological problems, and possibly rule-in some imbalances that will help with the final diagnosis. Prescribed medications taken as you're told to can help tremendously with schizophrenia (and many other mental health problems). Most schizophrenics continue to participate well in their daily lives. Psychotherapy sessions also help you adjust to the additional needs of the condition, and to work through any emotional factors that are contributing to or resulting from your mental health illness. Again, if you are afraid you or someone you know has schizophrenia, do yourself (and them) the favor of seeing a professional as soon as possible. (MORE)
Coming from a schizophrenic that has been in treatment for 12 years...the effects on the person diagnosed with schizo. is usually rather delusional/paranoid, hears and see things that are not there. Visual and verbal hallucinations. Can become rather violent towards others if they feel threatened. A…lso in a lot of cases they are very suicidal and self harming. (MORE)
Schizophrenia is not specifically a disease of aging, and generally appears fairly early in life, in the teenage years or the 20's, so it is not a degenerative disease, even though it is a very serious disease which can cause a person's quality of life to degenerate.
A great deal of research is going on in that area. As yet, there is no definitive answer. See the link below for more information.
No, you can't be born with schizophrenia. Sometimes people confuse having schizophrenia at a very early age with being born with schizophrenia. For example, January "Jani" Schofield was diagnosed with schizophrenia at the age of six, and she is often falsely said to have been born with schizophrenia…. However, there is no research that states that you can be born with schizophrenia. (MORE)
Hebrephrenic (Disorganized) schizophrenia is a subtype of schizophrenia which is characterized by disorganized speech (verbigeration, clang association, etc), disorganized behavior (facial grimacing, strange walking patterns, etc), and disorganized affect (labile, silly or inappropriate, etc).
it stops the thing in your brain that differentiates dreams from reality and makes everything either real or surreal to a certain being. It causes voices in their head, hallucinations, and symptoms of that nature
A psychotic disorder that involves severe disturbances in thinking, speech, perception, emotion and behaviour. This term was introduced by a Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1911.
Yes. Although most people with schizophrenia have at least one relative with schizophrenia, there are some who have no relatives with schizophrenia.
Childhood schizophrenia is defined as a case of schizophrenia in aperson younger than 13 (or, more rarely, 18) years old. Only about2 percent of cases of schizophrenia occur in people under the ageof 13.
Im pretty sure that unless you were born with it you can't get it. Which is normally a good thing. Well is there a way I could get it? I want to see delusions and talk to them... You can't get it. I also WOULD NOT recommend drugs.
Positive symptoms are the symptoms where a behavior or thought is present that should not be there (i.e. delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, inappropriate emotions).Negative symptoms are the symptoms that are due to the absence of a behavior that should be present (i.e. psychomotor retar…dation, withdrawal from others, a catatonic state). (MORE)
To this day, there is no totally verified answer as to why people "get" schizophrenia. Some people claim that the mother has a certain infection or virus during pregnancy. Some claim that chemicals, such as epinephrine in the body have certain effects on children that cause them to get schizophre…nia. Still others say that it has to do with the frontal cortex and development of that area of the brain, especially in adolescence. Last but not least some researchers suggest that psycho-social factors such as childhood trauma may cause someone to develop schizophrenia. Now, because we are seeing more late-onset schizophrenia with patients in their fifties, our thinking is complicated because people now question why it's onset is so late in some people but not in others. Really, the totally factual answer has to be, "We don't know." . Schizophrenia is not a mystery: Schizophrenia is not a mystery. It looks mysterious because our very concept of mind and mental disorders is wrong. Understanding the mind: We know that god is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. However, looking god from this angle makes god look very mysterious. Hinduism says that to understand god one has to believe that 'I am the supreme god'. For similar reasons, to understand mind we have to believe that mind has as real an existence as the body. The material mind is nothing but the Isometric component of our skeletal muscular system. This component has properties exactly the same as that of the mind. We can understand the mind easily by knowing the properties of the Isometric component of our skeletal muscular system. However, people who want to keep god an eternal mystery want to believe that god is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. Similarly people who want to keep mind an eternal mystery wish to believe that it is abstract and yet want to study it scientifically! No doubt, mind remains an eternal mystery. Understanding mental disorders: We believe that the mind is the same as the brain. This concept can't explain how people who don't even know that they have a brain can control their mind. We can't understand mental disorders by studying the brain. Most of the so called mental disorders are actually disorders of movement i.e. they are behavior disorders. Thus, they are better understood by studying the Isometric component of our skeletal muscular system. The mystery behind Schizophrenia: We believe that we are created to use reasoning. However, human thinking is very complicated. It is three dimensional. Time, space and person are the three dimensions that we use for thinking. The person - dimension leads to seven different kinds of thinking. Since we want to understand the behavior of people using reasoning only, the behavior of some people looks mysterious even to scientists who are studying mental disorders. Therefore, Schizophrenia is not as mysterious as most people want to believe. It looks mysterious because we want to understand it using reasoning only, which is a next to impossible. . Schizophrenia is form of mental illness which has many causes, spreading from biology, genetics, neurology, viral infection and social influence. There is no absolute explanation for why people get Schizophrenia, or why only certain people get it. Psychologists have theorised many different contributing factors which do seem to be viable, some more than others. But in the end, a complete list of factors may be impossible to obtain as our world has an infinite amount of factors, and our mind and body has an infinite different ways in which to react to them. Some of the factors which have been positively correlated to Schizophrenia are: - Reduced brain stem size when compared to those without the condition - Neurological disorder - Brain damage - Genetic inheritance - Childhood trauma - Adult trauma - Drug abuse - Environmental factors (such as Socio-Economic Status, living conditions and the behaviours and personalities of others around you) (MORE)
No-one can be sure about that, as the only thing we know about him are from the semi fictional stories of Plato.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder. It is not a condition that causes any sort of physical sickness that would lead to death.
Typically schizophrenia is developed during adolescence or early adult hood as well as during stressful life events.
People with Type I, or positive schizophrenia, have a rapid (acute) onset of symptoms and tend to respond well to drugs. They also tend to suffer more from the "positive" symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations.
No, hallucinations are a positive symptom. The difference between a negative and positive symptom is that a negative symptom means that something usually present in normal people (affect, social interaction) is missing, while a positive symptom means that something is present in the person that is n…ot present in normal people (hallucinations, delusional thinking). (MORE)
Yes, Estimates of heritability vary because of the difficulty in separating the effects of genetics and the environment. The greatest risk for developing schizophrenia is having a first-degree relative with the disease (risk is 6.5%)
No, you cannot choose to have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental illness. Because we don't know exactly what causes schizophrenia, it cannot be induced either.
Schizophrenia normally occurs during adolescence, although it can develop later and much later in life. There is also speculation the children may also be able to suffer from it, but due to issues regarding developmental psychopathology, it is difficult to differentiate between what would be conside…red Childhood Schizophrenic symptoms and normal childhood behaviour. There are many causes for Schizophrenia, some of which are more substantial than others. For example: Reduced brain stem size when compared to those without the condition, neurological disorder, brain damage, genetic inheritance, childhood trauma, adult trauma, drug abuse, environmental factors, and sometimes no prevailing reason for the condition. (MORE)
Patients in this category have the characteristic positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia but do not meet the specific criteria for the paranoid, disorganized, or catatonic subtypes. It is a type of schizophrenia where the person has both/either negative and positive schizophrenic symptoms b…ut do not strongly enough fit the criteria for paranoid, disorganized or catatonic schizophrenia to be classfied as such. (MORE)
The prevalence.is thought to be about 1% of the population around the world. In the United States and Canada, patients.fill about 25% of all hospital beds. The disorder is considered to be one of the top ten causes of long-term disability worldwide.
You will go really crazy most of the time but you sometimes won't be able to tell the difference between reality and fantasy in most cases this is a scary thing to have :(
Deadpool probably does not have schizophrenia, though this is open to interpretation by different authors. In Deadpool Volume 2 #1, written by Daniel Way, Deadpool was portrayed as generically "crazy", seeing the world in strange ways and hearing voices in his head. However, Way is the only one to p…ortray him in this manner. In all other strips, he is able to perceive the world in exactly the same way as anyone else. (MORE)
The average age of onset of schizophrenia is 18 in men and 25 in women.
Flat affect (sounding relatively emotionless), poverty of speech (not speaking much), insomnia (sleeplessness), depression (lack of energy, lack of interests), inability to perform tasks, inability to interact normally with others, inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), social withdrawal (aso…ciality) and lack of motivation (avolition) are negative symptoms of schizophrenia. (MORE)
There are several causes of schizophrenia but no common cause has been identified in all individual diagnosed with this condition. Studies suggest that genetics, prenatal development, early environment,neurobiology and psychological and social processes are important contributors. currently , the mo…st commonly accepted factors include the combination of brain vulnerabilities (either inherited or acquired) and life events along with stress vulnerability. (MORE)
Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder. Schizophrenics fall into several subcategories, distinguished by the kind of delusion. Schizophrenics most commonly hear voices talking to them in their heads, although some have visual hallucinations as well. Some scientists believe schizophrenia is geneti…c, while others feel that, like PTSD, schizophrenia can be brought about by a traumatic experience. (MORE)
There are many negative stereotypes about people affected byschizophrenia. One of the worst stereotypes is the belief that allpeople with schizophrenia are violent or dangerous.
It is not rare but not common. Only a few million are affected withthis disease each year.
There are several types of schizophrenia. Some of them are catatonic schizophrenia, childhood schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia and paranoid schizophrenia.
One percent of the human population. So in America it would be 3,000. Out of 300,000. I think the numbers are right.
Details: I was diagnosed with anxiety and depression last year, but recentlyI've been thinking it may be more than that. I've always been proneto existential crises, but they have recently been getting worse.I've never seen or heard anything that nobody else did, and havenever deluded myself, but I… find it very easy to visualize thingsor imagine hearing them. In the fifth and sixth grade especially, Ihad a massive problem with sleeping because, mostly due to a lackof socializing successfully, I was absolutely terrified of beingleft alone. This fear has dissolved over the years, but every oncein a while I still feel traces of this. Schizophrenia, along withanxiety, depression, bipolar disorders, and mood disorders, runrampant in my family, so I think I at least have reason to believeI may have something more. I'm only 14 yet, so it's hard to tell. It may not be schizophrenia, but is there something that hasn'tbeen diagnosed (MORE)